Publications and Output
Publications are sorted in alphabetical order, using the first author’s last name. Along with the bibliographical reference, you may find short summaries of the publication’s contents in English.
- Achim, Viorel (2015): Munca forţată în Transnistria: “Organizarea muncii” evreilor şi romilor, decembrie 1942 – martie 1944.
- Achim, Viorel (2015), The Forced Labour of the Gypsies in Transnistria: The Regulation of December 1942 and the Reality on the Ground, in: Historical Yearbook XI-XII, pp. 209-224.
- Achim, Viorel (2013): Die Zwangsarbeit der deportierten Juden und Roma für die Wehrmacht in Transnistrien, in: Pohl, Dieter/Sebta, Tanja (eds.), Zwangsarbeit in Hitlers Europa: Besatzung, Arbeit, Folgen, pp. 271-292.
- Almagro Vidal, Clara (2019), “Our Moors”: Military Orders and Unfree Muslims in the Kingdom of Castile, in: Morton, Nicholas (ed.), The Military Orders, Vol. VII: Piety, Pugnacity and Property, pp. 139-148.
- Almagro Vidal, Clara (2018), Más Allá de la Aljama: Comunidades Musulmanas bajo el Dominio de la Orden de Calatrava en Castilla, in: En la España Medieval 41, pp. 9-22.
- Almagro Vidal, Clara (2017), Moros al Servicio de las Órdenes Militares en Castilla: Algunas Reflexiones, in: Actas del XIII Simposio Internacional de Mudejarismo Celebrado en Teruel, 4-5 septiembre de 2014 , pp. 191-200.
- Bänziger, Peter-Paul (forthcoming): Die Moderne als Erlebnis. Eine Geschichte der Konsum- und Arbeitsgesellschaft, ca. 1840-1940.
- Bänziger, Peter-Paul (forthcoming): The Co-Production of Labor Markets and Nation States, c. 1850-2000, in: Mense, Ursula/Welskopp, Thomas/Zaharieva, Anna (eds.), In Search of the Global Labor Market.
- Bänziger, Peter-Paul/Suter, Mischa (eds.) (2017): Histories of Productivity. Genealogical Perspectives on the Body and Modern Economy.
- de Barros, Maria Filomena Lopes (2020), Cumprir Marrocos em Portugal: a comunidade mourisca de Setúbal no século XVI [Fulfilling Morocco in Portugal: the Moorish community of Setúbal in the 16th century] This article explores, in part, the coercive work of Moorish slaves in Setúnal (Portugal) in the 16th century and how that work is reproduced after freedom.
- Bartha, Eszter (2019), “This Workers’ Hostel Lost Almost Every Bit of Added Value It Had”: Workers’ Hostels, Social Rights and Legitimization in Hungary and the German Democratic Republic, in: Siefert, Marsha (ed.), Labor in State-Socialist Europe after 1945: Contributions to a History of Work, pp. 167-194.
- Bartha, Eszter (2017), Transforming Labour: From the Workers’ State to the Post-Socialist Re-Organization of Industry and Workplace Communities: Carl Zeiss Jena (East Germany) and Rába in Győr (Hungary), in: Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte 58/2, pp. 413-438.
- Bartha, Eszter (2013), Alienating Labour: Workers on the Road from Socialism to Capitalism in East Germany and Hungary.
- Batista, Anamarija (forthcoming), Das Gebäude schwebt über sein Plateau in die Stadt hinein. Das AKH: Ein medizinischer Gigant im neunten Wiener Bezirk, in: Stadträume des 20. Jahrhunderts in den Donaumetropolen Wien und Budapest.
- Batista, Anamarija/Kovács, Szilvia/Lesky, Carina (eds.) (2017), Rethinking Density: Art, Culture, and Urban Practices.
- Batista, Anamarija (ed.) (2016), Crisis as Ideology (Exhibition Catalogue).
- Bernet, Brigitta/Schiel, Juliane/Tanner, Jakob (eds.) (2016), Arbeit in der Erweiterung.
- Bonazza, Giulia/Ongaro, Giulio (2018), Libertà e Coercizione: Il Lavoro in una Prospettiva di Lungo Periodo.
- Byrne, Sian/Ulrich, Nicole/van der Walt, Lucien (2017), Red, Black and Gold: FOSATU, South African “Workerism, Syndicalism and the Nation, in: Webster, Edward/Pampillas, Karin (eds.), The Unresolved National Question in South Africa, pp. 254-273.
- Caracausi, Andrea (2019), Fashion, Capitalism and Ribbon-Making in Early Modern Europe, in: Safley, Thomas Max (ed.), Labor Before the Industrial Revolution: Work, Technology and Their Ecologies in an Age of Early Capitalism, pp. 48-69.
- Caracausi, Andrea (2018), Woollen Manufacturing in the Early Modern Mediterranean (1550–1630): Changing Labour Relations in a Commodity Chain, in: De Vito, Christian G./ Gerritsen, Anne (eds.), Micro-Spatial Histories of Global Labour, pp. 147-169.
- Caracausi, Andrea (2017), A Reassessment of the Role of Guild Courts in Disputes over Apprenticeship Contracts: A Case Study from Early Modern Italy, in: Continuity and Change 32/1, pp. 85-114.
- Casu, Igor (2014), At the Origins of Sovietization of Bessarabia: Identification of Class Enemies, Confiscations of Property and Work Mobilization in Moldavian SSR, 1940-1941 (in Russian, with summary and names of the documents in English and Romanian).
- Casu, Igor (2014), Duşmanul de clasă. Represiuni politice, violenţă şi rezistenţă în R(A)SS Moldovenească, 1924-1956.
- Casu, Igor (2015), The Fate of Stalinist Victims in Soviet Moldavia After 1953: Amnesty, Pardon and the Long Road to Rehabilitation, in: McDermott, Kevin/Stibbe, Matthew (eds.), De-Stalinising Eastern Europe: The Rehabilitation of Stalin’s Victims After 1953, pp. 186-203.
- Centrih, Lev (2014), The Road to Collapse: The Demise of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia.
The publication is indirectly connected to the COST Action’s topic. Author explores dynamics of the systemic changes in socialist Yugoslavia 1945–1991. Findings are relevant for the author’s present interest in atypical forms of labour. League of Communists of Yugoslavia was the leading political force in the country: after the second world war the Party initiated reconstruction campaigns which included phenomenon of “working brigades” . These labour arrangements were neither completely free but not completely compulsory either.
- Ćeranić, Goran (2017), Montenegrin entrepreneurs’ material position and their self-assessment of business success, in: Социологические исследования. Руска академија наук 4, pp. 116-121.
No matter what the trends are, entrepreneurship and entrepreneurs emerge as a response to the current historical developmental requirements. As an old, but still current business philosophy, entrepreneurship gets “activated” both in the developed market economies as well as in the transitioning ones. In Montenegro, this issue has been particularly important. For a number of years a specific entrepreneurial activity went on caused by our country’s delicate position, which further influenced the slow development of entrepreneurial sector in comparison to other Eastern European countries. In addition to analyzing the material position of entrepreneurial group in the socialist era, we have tried to determine to what extent this group has changed in the post-socialist period. It is obvious that this era has seen a rise in the economic power of entrepreneurs and their material standards, therefore, these issues will be the main subject of this work.
- Ćeranić, Goran (2010), Social exclusiveness and the character of competitiveness of the montenegrin social system, in: Sociološka luča IV/2, pp. 21-37.
Social exclusiveness, as one of the main problems of modern society, entails a lack of social connections and power, disintegration, marginalization, social detachment and unfavorable position in the political, economic and social sense. Social exclusiveness concept can be operationalized by means of three elements: unemployment (marginalization at labor market), poverty and social isolation. Different integral elements of social exclusiveness are mutually interdependent, creating a spiral of insecurity which results in constant and multiply depriving circumstances. In those circumstances, the competitiveness of those individuals is not developed, nor are their abilities utilized, what to a great extent influences the competitiveness of the system itself.
- Ćeranić, Goran (2007), Sociological analysis of property transformation in Montenegro (1989–2000), in: Sociološka luča I/1, pp. 110-119.
Property transformation represents a complex social venture, global by the dimensions, strategic by the meaning, deep by the economic political and cultural consequences. Therefore, it is not a separated and autonomous process whose change causes consequences only in the property area; on the contrary, it is a process which encompasses the area and each subsystem of that area.Taking into account all this, while analysing property transformation in the post-socialist Montenegro, the attention must be paid to the following processes: social processes of establishing property as an institutionalised production category, the institutionalising of the social order and the influence of the individual and authority on it, property influence upon the value orientation of the citizen of Montenegro and to identification of whether all this leads to the constitution of the New Society.
- De Vito, Christian/Schiel, Juliane/van Rossum, Matthias (2020), From Bondage to Precariousness: New Perspectives on Labor and Social History, in: Journal of Social History 54/2, pp. 1-19.
- Dobrincu, Dorin/Aioanei, Alexandru-Dumitru/Lisnic, Dumitru/Lăcătușu, Dumitru (2017), Colectivizarea agriculturii din România: inginerie socială, violență politică, reacția țărănimii: Documente.
- Egry, Gábor/Barna, Ábrahám (eds.) (2019), Összeomlás uralomváltás, nemzetállam-építés, 1918-1925 [Collapse, change of government, nation-state building].
The collection of documents sheds light on the process of transition from Hungary to Romania at the end of the WWI with a local focus. The documents cover the most pressing social issues of this period and attempt to reveal the concerns of ordinary people.
- Egry, Gábor (2017), Unholy Alliances? Language Exams, Loyalty, and Identification in Interwar Romania, in: Slavic Review 76/4, pp. 959-982.
This article analyzes national loyalty and identification by examining the language exams administered to minority public officials in Romania in 1934 and 1935. The exams aimed at testing officials’ knowledge of the state language, but given the broader political context they were more than a survey of linguistic skills, and the political goal was to reduce their number. Examinees were singled out as non-Romanian and subjected to an additional requirement not demanded from their ethnic Romanian colleagues, interpreting the use of the official language as a sign of loyalty. Drawing upon theories of loyalty as a historical concept, the paper analyzes how the particular situation of minority public officials was reflected in these texts and how they created a specific identification for themselves, composed of important elements of their minority ethnicity but also expressing their identification with the state and its modernizing goals as members of a unified, professional public body. The language exams signaled the emergence of a specific category of minority public servants who were part of both the minority group and the middle-class functionaries of the Romanian state. Nationalist public discourse on both sides – Romanian and minority – have denied and erased the history of these hybrid loyalties and identities, but the languages exams help us to recover them.
- Filčák, Richard/Szilvasi, Marek/Škobla, Daniel (2018), No Water for the Poor: The Roma Ethnic Minority and Local Governance, in: Ethnic and Racial Studies 41/7, pp. 1390-1407.
- Fudge, Judy (2019), (Re)Conceptualizing Unfree Labour: Local Labour Control Regimes and Constraints on Workers‘ Freedoms‘, in: Global Labour Journal 10/2, pp. 108-122.
- Fudge, Judy (2018), Modern Slavery, Unfree Labour and the Labour Market: The Social Dynamics of Legal Characterization, in: Social and Legal Studies 27/4, pp. 413-434.
- Gluchman, Vasil (2020), Slovak Marxist-Leninist Philosophy on Work: Experience of the Second Half of the 20th Century, in: Studies in East European Thought 72/1, pp. 43-58.
The paper analyses the concept of work in Slovak Marxist-Leninist philosophy and ethics in the second half of the twentieth century by referencing, in particular, Furnham’s critical assessment of the relationship between left-wing ideology and the values of work ethic. The author comes to the conclusion that, on the one hand, Marxist-Leninist ideology and the practice of building socialism made the notion and phenomenon of work into an ideological fetish; on the other hand, however, the real value of work and its contribution to the development of society was depreciated. Instead of bringing about the liberation of work all that it engendered was a new form of its alienation.
- Gluchman, Vasil (2018), Theories of Professional Ethics, in: Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 12, pp. 137-141.
Professional ethics including work ethics is most frequently associated with deontological ethics; however, lately it has been developed in the context of virtue ethics. A great number of authors have criticised the possible alignment of professional ethics with consequentialist ethics. Author defines the structure of professional ethics also as work ethics that would correspond to the needs of forming a professional ethical framework as well as the value tendencies of consequentialist ethics in its non-utilitarian form. There is an emphasis on the values of humanity, human dignity and moral right of man, also taking into regard values of justice, liability, tolerance and responsibility (all that in an effort to achieve a prevalence of positive over negative consequences).
- Gluchman, Vasil (2014), Professional Ethics as Work Ethics and Ethics of Relations.
Within this book, the author critically examines the term profession and, unlike many ‘aristocratic’ or elitist definitions of the profession, comes to a more democratic understanding of the profession, which, in his view, corresponds to the current dynamic approach to the profession as a qualified and quality work. Consequently, the author pays attention to researching the nature of the work and its importance at present. In this context, it also deals with labour values, access to labour, which are of importance and role in developed Western countries. Many authors, starting with Max Weber in his work “Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism” (1905), but also for example Adrian Furnham in his book “Protestant Work Ethic” (1990), Richard Sennett in “The Corrosion of Character” (1998) point to a contradictory understanding of values related to the job at present.
- Greenfield-Liebst, Michelle (forthcoming 2021), Labour and Christianity in the Missions: African Workers in Tanganyika and Zanzibar, 1864-1926.
The findings expose how missionaries, as some of earliest examples of Europeans who tried to control African labour, supported and undermined certain livelihood trajectories. Despite the abolition of slavery in 1897 in Zanzibar and the fact that the UMCA was closely linked with the anti-slavery movement, ex-slaves continued to struggle with their social status.
- Greenfield-Liebst, Michelle (2017), Sin, Slave Status and the City in Zanzibar, 1864-c.1930, in: African Studies Review 60, pp. 139-160.
Missionaries believed that being an ex-slave or descendant of ex-slave went hand with urbanity and moral contagion. As far as the ex-slaves were concerned, the growing commercial centre of Zanzibar, and the coastal cultures it was associated with, were not only enticing, but crucial to social and economic mobility. Thus, though livelihoods could be found at the mission, young and able workers looked to the town to increase their chances of survival.
- Greenfield-Liebst, Michelle (2014), African Workers and the Universities‘ Mission to Central Africa in Zanzibar, 1864–1900, in: Journal of Eastern African Studies 8/3, pp. 366-381.
This article explores the connections between African workers and Christian missions in late nineteenth-century Zanzibar. The main finding is that missionaries found themselves hiring slaves in order to build their cathedral, which is ironically a symbol of abolition.
- Harnoncourt, Julia (2018), Unfreie Arbeit: Trabalho escravo in der brasilianischen Landwirtschaft.
- Harnoncourt, Julia (2018), Trabalho Escravo im Amazonasgebiet: Peripherisierung, unfreie Arbeit und Weltmarkt, in: Zeitschrift für Weltgeschichte 19/ 2, pp. 315-336.
- Harnoncourt, Julia (2015), Labour-relations and the Periphery: The example of trabalho escravo in Pará (Brazil), in: Global Humanities: Studies in Histories, Cultures, and Societies 1/1, pp. 105-114.
- Heinsen, Johan (2019), Escaping St. Thomas: Class Relations and Convict Strategies in the Danish West Indies, 1672-1687, in: Rediker, Marcus/Chakraborty, Titas/van Rossum, Matthias (eds.), A Global History of Runaways: Workers, Mobility, and Capitalism, pp. 40-57.
- Heinsen, Johan (2018), The Scandinavian Empires in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, in: Anderson, Clare (ed.), A Global History of Convicts and Penal Colonies, pp. 97-122.
- Heinsen, Johan (2017), Mutiny in the Danish Atlantic World: Convicts, Sailors and a Dissonant Empire.
- Ivanović, Miloš (2017), “Dobri ljudi” u srpskoj srednjovekovnoj državi [“Boni Homines” in Medieval Serbian State], 175 pp.
The analysis of sources leads to the conclusion that persons giving statements about disputable land boundaries belonged to different social strata – from dependent peasants to the nobility. Knowing local circumstances was the primary characteristic that they needed to have. If there were priests among elders, they were mentioned in the first place, which means that they enjoyed special reputation as witnesses. The participation of noblemen was, however, important for the implementation of decisions. In a document from 1454, elders called themselves kmets, but this term also had several meanings. It is certain only that they were reputable inhabitants of settlements that they originated from. On the other hand, witnesses in disputes about lands in the territory ruled by the Crnojevićs were consistently designated as noblemen. The reason behind this is the social structure of this area with dominant military bands, whose members were considered the nobility. There was not much arable land there, which is why there was scarce dependent population. The analysis of the social status of “boni homines” in medieval Serbian towns must start from data from the Novo Brdo Legal Code. Its introduction contains the names of 24 expertpersons who compiled it. Two of them may perhaps be identified with persons mentioned in Dubrovnik documents, while others are not mentioned in other sources. However, professions are given next to some persons, indicating that they performed some mining activities. It cannot be excluded that this applied also to some other persons whose professions were not described. As the matter of fact, mining experts enjoyed autonomy also within towns where they worked and gathered at assemblies. However, neither this information enables us to place them into some of known social strata. It is also undisputable that “boni homines” who brought verdicts in disputes on coal pits had to have some expertise. Traders could also have been among them as they were the main investors in mining production.
- Ivanović, Miloš (2017), Razvoj institucije imuniteta u srpskoj srednjovekovnoj državi do kraja vladavine kralja Milutina [Development of the Institution of Immunity in the Serbian Medieval State Until the End of Reign of King Milutin], in: Istorijski časopis LXVI, pp. 49-83.
Groundbreaking period in the development of immunity was reign of King Milutin (1282–1321). In his charters he freed monastery’s possessions from “all kinds of labor, small and great”. In that manner, he gave to these properties complete tax exemption. Also, he forbade to his official and noblemen to threaten financial and judicial immunity of monasteries. It seems that the king still kept the right to judge in certain cases such as murder, infidelity, rape of girls and takeover men and horses. At that time the Byzantine holders also received broad immunity rights.
- Ivanović, Miloš (2014), Razvitak vojne službe kao osnov formiranja vlasteoskog sloja u srpskoj srednjovekovnoj državi [Development of Military Service as Foundation for Creation of Nobility in Medieval Serbia], in: Vojnoistorijski glasnik [Military Historical Review] 1, pp. 30-48.
Occasional submission of Serbian lands to Byzantine Empire or Bulgaria slow down creation of local elites. Process of political emancipation from Byzantine rule, which started in Doclea during 11th and its successful continuation in Raska during 12th century wouldn’t be feasible without existence of group of professional soldiers”. Confirmation could be found in writings of Byzantine writers as well in certain archeological sites. By the end of 12th century in Serbia appeared new type o soldier – armored cavalryman. Almost simultaneously appeared group of dependent inhabitants tied to land which was supposed to secure nobility with sufficient revenues. By the beginning of 13th century in hagiographies and charts beside nobility as separate social category appeared soldiers. Analyses of sources showed that both belonged to the class of warriors while nobility was entitled to higher titles and governing positions. In time, soldiers stop being separate social category and enter the ranks of nobility whose main obligation was warfare. By the mid-14th century this was confirmed by the Emperor Dusan Code. Thanks to its privileges nobility clearly differed from Vlachs among whom some were obliged to participate in war.
- Jarska, Natalia (2019), Unemployment in State Socialism: An Insight into the Understanding of Work in 1950s Poland, in: Siefert, Marsha (eds.), Labor in State Socialist Europe after 1945: Contributions to to a History of Work, pp. 27-47.
- Jarska, Natalia (2019), Female Breadwinners in State Socialism: The Value of Women’s Work for Wages in Post-Stalinist Poland, in: Contemporary European History 4, pp. 469-483.
- Jarska, Natalia (2018), The Periphery Revisited: Polish Post-war Historiography on the Working Class and the New Global Labour History, in: European Review of History 25/1, pp. 45-60.
- Kaarsholm, Preben (forthcoming), From Abolition of the Slave Trade to Protection of Immigrants: Danish Colonialism, German Missionaries, and the Development of Ideas of Humanitarian Governance from the Early Eighteenth to the Nineteenth Century, in: Atlantic Studies 20.
- Kaarsholm, Preben/Frederiksen, Bodil Folke (2019), Amaoti and Pumwani: Studying Urban Informality in South Africa and Kenya, in: African Studies 79/1, pp. 51-73.
- Kaarsholm, Preben (2016), Indian Ocean Networks and the Transmutations of Servitude: The Protector of Indian Immigrants and the Administration of Freed Slaves and Indentured Labourers in Durban in the 1870s, in: Journal of Southern African Studies 42/3, pp. 443-461.
- Krivokapić, Nataša (2008), Leisure time versus working time.
This paper is the chapter in the monography “Theoretical Approaches to Leisure Time”. It deals with the connection between working and free time, more precisely with the influence of the quality of working time on the way of spending free time and the types of activities. It is considered that the needs that a person has in his free time are related to the effects that working time produces.
- Kučera, Rudolf (2016 Hardback, 2019 Paperback), Rationed Life. Science, Everyday Life, and Working-Class Politics in the Bohemian Lands, 1914–1918, New York/Oxford.
Far from the battlefront, hundreds of thousands of workers toiled in Bohemian factories over the course of World War I, and their lives were inescapably shaped by the conflict. In particular, they faced new and dramatic forms of material hardship that strained social ties and placed in sharp relief the most mundane aspects of daily life, such as when, what, and with whom to eat. The book reconstructs the experience of the Bohemian working class during the Great War through explorations of four basic spheres—food, labor, gender, and protest—that comprise a case study in early twentieth-century social history.
- Kučera, Rudolf (2012), Marginalizing Josefina: Work, Gender, and Protest in Bohemia 1820–1844, in: Journal of Social History 46/2, pp. 430-448.
The study concentrates on the pre-1848 labor protests in Bohemia and analyzes them with respect to questions of gender. The paper explores how the codes and institutions of skilled labor masculinity shaped working-class collective action in pre-1848 Bohemia – one of the most industrialized European regions during the first half of the nineteenth century.
- Kuldova, Tereza (2016), Luxury Indian Fashion: A Social Critique, London: Bloomsbury.
- Kuldova, Tereza (2016), Fatalist Luxuries: Of Inequality, Wasting and Anti-Work Ethic in India, in: Cultural Politics 12/1, pp. 110-129.
- Kuldova, Tereza (2018), The “Ethical Sell” in the Indian Luxury Fashion Business, in: Pouillard, V./Blaczczyk, R. (eds.), European fashion: The creation of a global industry. Manchester University Press, pp. 263-282.
- Lambrecht, Thijs (2018), Harvest Work and Labor Market Regulation in Old Regime Northern France, in: Safley, Thomas Max (ed.), Labor Before the Industrial Revolution: Work, Technology and Their Ecologies in an Age of Early Capitalism, pp. 113-131.
- Lambrecht, Thijs/Winter, Anne (2018), An Old Poor Law on the Continent? Agrarian Capitalism, Poor Taxes, and Village Conflict in Eighteenth-Century Coastal Flanders, in: Economic History Review 71/4, pp. 1173-1198.
- Lambrecht, Thijs (2017), The Institution of Service in Rural Flanders in the Sixteenth Century: A Regional Perspective, in: Whittle, Jane (ed.), Servants in Rural Europe: 1400-1900, pp. 37-55.
- Lindberg, Erik/Jacobsson, Benny/Ling, Sofia (2016), The “Dark Side” of the Ubiquity of Work: Vulnerability and Destitution among the Elderly, in: Ågren, Maria (ed.), Making a Living, Making a Difference. Gender and Work in Early Modern European Society, pp. 159-176.
This article explores the possibilities for old people to contract for care. The findings in the article suggest that family and wider kin could offer a safety net, but only when there was something to share. It further suggests that people were only obliged to take care of their close relatives when there was a written contract specifying who was to provide care and on what terms. Poverty, ability to work, and age constrained the options for groups vulnerable to economic stress. Those with property or movables were in a much better bargaining position than those without, but even the smallest amount of wealth was used to contract for care. The situation for the landless poor, whether old or young, was difficult. The compulsory service statutes restricted their time-use and forced them to work under one-year contracts, with a ceiling on their wages. Although the implementation of these statutes probably varied between regions and from one period to another, they reduced the agency of the poor and their ability to manage their resources according to their own preferences.
- Lisnic, Dumitru (2018), Colectivizarea agriculturii în RSSM. Studiu de caz: raionul Bălți, 1944-1950, in: Dobrincu, Dorin/Iordachi, Constantin (eds.), Edificarea orânduirii socialiste: Violența politică și lupta de clasă în colectivizarea agriculturii din România, 1949-1962, pp. 277-302.
This article examines the process of collectivisation of agriculture in post-war Moldovan SSR. Central to this study is the examination of the particularities of the collectivization of agriculture in Soviet Moldovia in comparison with the case of Baltic republics. The article explores the subject based on the case of a district from Moldovan SSR (the district of Bălți) and analyses the informal practices of local nomenklatura during the campaign of collectivisation as well as the strategies of resistance employed by peasants.
- Lisnic, Dumitru (2017), Lagărul de Prizonieri 103 și Spitalul Special 3376 din Bălți, în: Cheptea, Stela/Moldovan, Silviu B. (eds), Consecințele celui de-al Doilea Război Mondial în Spațiul Românesc, pp. 63-82.
This chapter explores the role of the POW camp from Balti (Moldovan SSR) in the post-war economics of this town. The chapter analyses the relations between the administration of the camp with the prisoners as well as the strategies of resistance employed by the latter. The examined case shows how a series of local inter-institutional conflicts enhanced the capacity of the prisoners to resist.
- Lisnic, Dumitru (2015), Sovietizarea Basarabiei: politici economice, repressive și sociale. Studiu de caz: orașul Bălți, in: Archiva Moldaviae VII, pp. 79-108.
This article concerns Soviet policy of distribution of dwellings and repressive campaigns in post-war cities of Soviet Moldavia. These policies were two major mechanisms of social control and were central to the implementation of regime’s project of social engineering. The article is a case study on the city of Balți (Moldovan SSR) and analyses the selection criteria based on which Soviet regime implemented its policy of social engineering in the territories annexed by USSR from Romania.
- Lopata, Maryan/Mastyka, Andrey/Tarita, Marius (2013), The Deportations from the Neighbouring Chernivtsy Region (Ukraine) in 1944-1953 and from the Bricheny, Oknitsa and Edinets Regions (Moldova) in 1949-1951.
- Mendiola, Fernando (2014), Reeducation through work? Mountain roads in the Spanish concentration universe (Western Pyrenees, 1939-1942), in: Labor History 55/1, pp. 97-116.
- Mendiola, Fernando (2016), The role of unfree labour in capitalist development: Spain and its empire, 19th-21st centuries, in: International Review of Social History 61 (SI 24), pp. 187-211.
- Mendiola, Fernando (2018), Of Firms and Captives: Railway Infrastructures and the Economics of Forced Labour (Spain, 1937-1957), in: Revista de Historia Industrial 68, pp. 165-192.
- Milićević, Nataša (2018), Činovnici u okupiranoj Srbiji 1941-1944, in: Istorija 20, pp. 69-86.
- Milićević, Nataša (2015), Obračun s klasnim neprijateljem: slučaj srpskog gradjanstva (1944-50), in: Čepoč, Zdenko (ed.), Slovenija v Jugoslaviji, pp. 319-338.
- Milićević, Nataša (2010), Neke forme prinudnog rada u Srbiji 1944-1950, in: Gajger, Vladimir/Grahek Ravančić, Martina/Karakaš Obradov, Marica (eds.), Logori, zatvori i prisilni rad u Hrvatskoj/Jugoslaviji 1941-1945, pp. 183-203.
- Mironov, Alexandru-Murad (2019), Wirtschafts- und Sozialpolitik in Rumänien, in: Backes, Uwe/Heydemann, Günther/Vollnhals, Clemens (eds.), Staatssozialismen im Vergleich: Staatspartei – Sozialpolitik – Opposition, pp. 327-346.
- Mironov, Alexandru-Murad (2014), Grigore Trancu-Iaşi şi “protecţia muncii naţionale”: Politica socială interbelică între naţionalism şi combaterea şomajului, in: Transilvania 10-11, pp. 64-72.
- Mironov, Alexandru-Murad (2009), Comitetul oamenilor muncii, in: Arhivele Totalitarismului 62-63, pp. 221-227.
- Mitsiou, Ekaterini/Preiser-Kapeller, Johannes (2019), Mercantile and Religious Mobility between Byzantines, Latins and Muslims, 1200-1500: On the Theory and Practice of Social Networks, in: Medieval Worlds 9, pp. 187-217.
This paper combines documentary evidence with concepts and tools of historical network science and social theory in order to explore phenomena of (especially) mercantile mobility and religious conversion in Late Byzantium (13th to 15th centuries), a period which is characterized by the intensification of commercial exchange and the multiplication of contact zones due to the growth of the activity of Italian merchant communities as well as due to the Mongol expansion across entire Asia.
- Mitsiou, Ekaterini/Preiser-Kapeller, Johannes (2017), Moving Hands: Types and Scales of Labour Mobility in the Late Medieval Eastern Mediterranean (1200-1500 CE), in: A. Gerritsen/Chr. de Vito (eds.), Micro-Spatial Histories of Global Labour, pp. 29-67.
This article explores subjects, objects, motives and consequences of labour mobility in the Eastern Mediterranean in the Late Middle Ages with a special focus on Byzantium. We have identified levels and scales as well as motivations and strategies of or towards labour mobility (in their socio-economic, cultural, political or environmental dimension, also with regard to the dichotomy forced/deliberate mobility and the efforts to control mobility by political and social actors).
- Mocarelli, Luca/Ongaro, Giulio (2019), Work in Early Modern Italy, 1500-1800.
The book considers the whole Italian peninsula as one geographical unit of analysis, encompassing all of the features that characterize labour cultures during the early modern period. It details the evolution of forms of labour in both agriculture and manufacture and the role of labour as an economic, social and cultural factor in the evolution of the Italian area.
- Müller, Viola (2019), Early Undocumented Workers: Runaway Slaves and African Americans in the American Urban South, c. 1830-1860, in: Labor History 60, pp. 865-868.
- Müller, Viola (2018), Illegal but Ignored: Slave Refugees in Richmond, Virginia, 1800-1860, in: Pargas, Damian A. (ed.), Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America, 1775-1860, pp. 137-167.
- Narlı, Nilüfer/Akdemir, Ayşegül (2019), Female Emotional Labour in Turkish Call Centres: Smiling Voices Despite Low Job Satisfaction, in: Sociological Research Online 24/3, pp. 278-296.
- Ongaro, Giulio (2019), Il lavoro militare nella prima età moderna (xvi-xvii sec.): soldati, guastatori e galeotti tra subordinazione e agency, in: MEFRIM: Italie et Méditerranée modernes et contemporaines, 131/1: L’empreinte domestique du travail, pp. 15-27.
The article aims at demonstrating that “domesticity” remained a fundamental element in the enrollment of men and, broadly, in the functioning of the military structure in spite of a supposed process of “nationalisation” of the armied between the early modern and the contemporary period. In this context, it also focuses on the agency of the soldiers, analysing different practices that affected the military structure and, broadly, the social context in which soldiers were placed.
- Bonazza, Giulia/Ongaro, Giulio (2018), Libertà e Coercizione: Il Lavoro in una Prospettiva di Lungo Periodo.
The essays collected in the book aim at analysing on the long run the various types of work relations. The main topics are free and unfree labour, and the relationship between freedom, coercion and precariousness. On the one hand, the book focuses on the social, cultural, political, economic, juridical and technological factors that affected the diversification of labour relations; on the other hand, it aims at deconstructing the historiographical perspective linking modernity to the transition from many labour relations to wage labour, as the only form of productive labour.
- Ongaro, Giulio (2017), Peasants and Soldiers: The Management of the Venetian Military Structure in the Mainland Dominion between the 16th and 17th Centuries.
The book aims at analysing the organisation of the Venetian army and military structure in the Mainland dominion in the early modern period. It mainly focuses on the role played by rural communities in financing the military structure, in lodging soldiers, in producing the saltpetre and in organizing the construction of defence structures. More, it analyses the ways through which peasants were involved as soldiers, sappers, sailors and builders.
- Østhus, Hanne (2018), Slaver og ikke-europeiske tjenestefolk i Danmark og Norge på 1700- og begynnelsen av 1800-tallet, in: Arbeiderhistorie 22, pp. 33-47.
The article examines the situation of slaves and former slaves who were brought, presumably by force, from Africa, Asia and America to the European part of Denmark-Norway during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries to work as domestic servants in households. Based on source material from servant reward societies, censuses, newspapers and court cases, it is argued that state and society utilised a number of strategies to classify and categorise slaves and former slaves.
- Østhus, Hanne (2017), Servants in Rural Norway, ca. 1650-1800, in: Whittle, Jane (ed.), Servants in Rural Europe, ca. 1400-1900, pp. 113-130.
The chapter investigates the servant institution in pre-industrial rural Norway, particularly underscoring the many local and regional differences, also when it comes to the number of male or female servants. These differences, it is argued, demonstrate the flexibility of the servant institution, which adapted to a range of farm sizes, economic differences, and changing times.
- Østhus, Hanne (2017), Tvunget til tjeneste? Tjenesteplikten i Danmark-Norge på 1700-tallet og begynnelsen av 1800-tallet, in: Arbetarhistoria 3-4, pp. 26-31.
In the article, I look at the legal obligation to work as household servants in Denmark-Norway during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Large parts of the population were subject to this legislation, but the enforcement of the law varied considerably.
- Ožegović, Nikola (2014), Pravoslavlje u Nezavisnoj Državi Hrvatskoj, in: Šesta međunarodna konferencija, Jasenovac, genocid i zločini Nezavisne Države Hrvatske nad Srbima, Jevrejima i Romima u Drugom svjetskom ratu, pp. 449-456.
- Özkoray, Hayri Gökşin (2019), From Persecution to (Potential) Emancipation: Female Slaves and Legal Violations in Ottoman Istanbul according to Court Registers (16th-17th Centuries), in: Hawwa: Journal of Women of the Middle East and the Islamic World 17/2-3, pp. 257-280.
- Özkoray, Hayri Gökşin (ed.) (2019), Ma’cûncızâde Mustafa Efendi: Le Captif de Malte. Récit autobiographique d’un cadi ottoman.
- Özkoray, Hayri Gökşin (2017), L’esclavage dans l’Empire ottoman (XVIe-XVIIe siècle). Fondements juridiques, structures socio-économiques, représentations.
- Pargas, Damian Alan (ed.) (2018), Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America, Gainesville.
This volume contains 11 original essays that introduce a new way of studying the experiences of runaway slaves by defining the different “spaces of freedom” they inhabited. It also provides a groundbreaking continental view of fugitive slave migration, moving beyond the usual regional or national approaches to explore locations in Canada, the U.S. North and South, Mexico, and the Caribbean.
- Pargas, Damian Alan (2017), Urban Refugees: Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Informal Freedom in the American South, 1800-1860, in: Journal of Early American History 7/3, pp. 262-284.
This article examines the experiences of runaway slaves who fled to urban areas within the American South, rather than to free-soil states and territories in North America. By utilizing free black social networks, changing their names and appearances, and procuring forged free papers just in case they were stopped by authorities, they managed to forge clandestine lives of informal freedom right in the heart of the slaveholding South.
- Pargas, Damian Alan (2014), Slavery and Forced Migration in the Antebellum South, New York.
This book sheds light on domestic forced migration by examining the experiences of American-born slave migrants from a comparative perspective. Juxtaposing and contrasting the experiences of long-distance, local, and urban slave migrants, it analyzes how different migrant groups anticipated, reacted to, and experienced forced removal, as well as how they adapted to their new homes.
- Perreaux, Nicolas (forthcoming), Des «seigneuries» laïques aux territoires ecclésiaux? Dynamique du processus de spatialisation dans les actes diplomatiques numérisés (VIIe-XIIIe siècles), in: Martine, Tristan/Schneider, Jens (eds.), Espaces ecclésiastiques et seigneuries laïques: Définitions, modèles et conflits en zones d’interface (IXe-XIIIe siècle).
- Perreaux, Nicolas (forthcoming), Les lieux de stockage dans les textes diplomatiques (VIIe-XIIIe siècles): Enquête lexicale, sémantique et numérique, in: Schneider, Laurent/Lauwers, Michel (eds.), Mises en réserve: Production, accumulation et redistribution des céréales dans l‘Occident médiéval et moderne.
- Perreaux, Nicolas (forthcoming), Un champ sémantique du travail? Analyses lexicographiques autour opus, de servitium et de labor dans l‘Europe médiéval, in: Lauwers, Michel (ed.), Labeur et production au sein des monastères de l‘Occident médiéval.
- Prisac, Lidia/Gumenâi, Ion (2020/forthcoming), Between Separation an Unity in the Context of the Great Union. Armenians from Bessarabia, in: Ioan Bolovan and Oana Mihaela Tămaș (eds.), World War I and the Birth of a New World Order: The End of an Era, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Cambridge, pp. 184-203.
This article tells about national minorities behaviour, such as Armenians, in dificult event of World War I in a “contested” space of Eastern Europe.
- Prisac, Lidia (2019), Sub ocrotirea “fratelui mai mare” sau despre “naţionalităţile conlocuitoare” din R(A)SS Moldovenească, in: Liliana Corobca (ed.), Panorama comunismului în Moldova sovietică. Context, surse, interpretări, pp. 414-436.
This article explores the situations of national/ethnic minorites in the Soviet Union and especialy in Moldavian SS(A)R, the assimilation and russification problem.
- Rahi-Tamm, Aigi (2018), Doubly Marginalized People: The Hidden Stories of Estonian Society (1940-1960), in: Fleishman, Lazar/Weiner, Amir (eds.), War, Revolution, and Governance: The Baltic Countries in the Twentieth Century, pp. 239-265.
- Rahi-Tamm, Aigi (2018), Forced Migration of Estonian Citizens to the East 1941-1951: Some Similarities with the Accounts of People Who Fled to the Fest, in: Saueauk, Meelis/Hiio, Toomas (eds.), Proceedings of the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory. Eesti Mälu Instituudi toimetised, pp. 271-304.
- Rahi-Tamm, Aigi (2018), Homeless for Ever: The Contents of Home and Homelessness on the Example of Deportees from Estonia, in: Davoliute, Violeta/Balkelis, Tomas (eds.), Narratives of Exile and Identity in Soviet Deportation Memoirs from the Baltic States, pp. 65-84.
- Rediker, Marcus/Chakraborty, Titas/van Rossum, Matthias (eds.) (2019): A Global History of Runaways: Workers, Mobility, and Capitalism 1600-185.
- Ribeiro da Silva, Filipa/Carvalhal, Hélder (2020), Reconsidering the Southern European Model: Marital Status, Women’s work and labour relations in mid-eighteenth century Portugal, in: Revista de Historia Económica. Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History 38/1, pp. 45–77.
Challenging current ideas in mainstream scholarship on differences between female labour force participation in southern and north-western Europe and their impact on economic development, this article shows that in Portugal, neither marriage nor widowhood prevented women from participating in the labour market of mid-eighteenth-century. Our research demonstrates that marriage provided women with the resources they needed to work in various capacities in all economic sectors.
- Ribeiro da Silva, Filipa (2016), Political Changes and Shifts in Labour Relations in Mozambique, 1820s-1920s, in: International Review of Social History 61, pp. 1-21.
This article examines the main changes in the policies of the Portuguese state in relation to Mozambique and its labour force during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, stemming from political changes within the Portuguese Empire (i.e. the independence of Brazil in 1821), the European political scene (i.e. the Berlin Conference, 1884–1885), and the Southern African context (i.e. the growing British, French, and German presence). By becoming a principle mobilizer and employer of labour power in the territory, an allocator of labour to neighbouring colonial states, and by granting private companies authority to play identical roles, the Portuguese state brought about important shifts in labour relations in Mozambique.
- Hofmeester, Karin/Lucassen, Jan/Ribeiro da Silva, Filipa (2014), No Global history without Africa: Reciprocal Comparison and Beyond, in: History in Africa. A Journal of Method 41, pp. 249-276.
This introduction explains why it is important to include the history of labor and labor relations in Africa in Global Labor History. It suggests that the approach of the Global Collaboratory on the History of Labour Relations 1500–2000 – with its taxonomy of labour relations – is a feasible method for applying this approach to the historiography on labor history in Africa.
- Ristovska-Josifovska, Biljana (2019), On the Road of One Migration of Macedonians Towards Bulgaria in the Late 19th Century, in: A.I.E.S.E.E. (Macedonian National Committee, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts) (ed.), Tradition in Communication and in the Spiritual Culture of Southeast Europe (Law‚ Economics, Natural Sciences, Art, Literature, Language), pp. 221-242.
- Ristovska-Josifovska, Biljana (2017), Implementacijata na Tanzimatskite reformi odrazeni niz nastani od seloto Galičnik vo Makedonija, in: Prilozi. Contributions, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts XLVII/2, pp. 91-106.
- Ristovska-Josifovska, Biljana (2015), Remembrance on the Migration Movements in Macedonia after the Russian-Ottoman War of 1877-1878, in: Balkanistic Forum XXIV/3, pp. 30-45.
- Rossi, Benedetta (2017), Périodiser la fin de l’esclavage: Le droit colonial, la Société des Nations et la résistance des esclaves dans le Sahel nigérien, 1920-1930, in: Annales (Histoire, Sciences Sociales) 72/4, pp. 983-1021.
- Rossi, Benedetta (2017), What “Development” Does to Work, in: International Labor and Working Class 92, pp. 7-23.
- Rossi, Benedetta (2015), From Slavery to Aid: Politics, Labour, and Ecology in the Nigerien Sahel, 1800-2000.
- Ruoss, Matthias and Ludi, Regular (2020), Die Großmütter und wir: Freiwilligkeit, Feminismus und Geschlechterarrangements in der Schweiz, in: L’Homme. Europäische Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft 31/1, pp. 87-104.
What is voluntarism and how can we conceptualize it as a subject of historical research? In this article we address these questions with regard to the relationship between gender arrangements and voluntarism in modern Switzerland. Our considerations are premised on the assumption that voluntary aid is not a spontaneous act or an amorphous activity but rather constitutes a mode that regulates social relations and structures the social order.
- Ruoss, Matthias (2019), Die neuen Freiwilligen. Gemeinnützigkeit in der Schweiz, 1970-1990, in: Historische Zeitschrift / Beihefte 76: Freiwilligenarbeit und gemeinnützige Organisationen im Wandel. Neue Perspektiven auf das 19. und 20. Jahrhundert, pp. 153-168.
This article examines the crisis of the Swiss welfare state and the renegotiation of social responsibility since the 1970s. It focuses on the discovery of volunteers by non-profit organizations and the reinterpretation of their work with the help of the feminist movement.
- Sarti, Raffaella, Anna Bellavitis and Manuela Martini (eds.) (2018), What is Work? Gender at the Crossroads of Home, Family, and Business from the Early Modern Era to the Present.
Every society throughout history has defined what counts as work and what doesn’t. And more often than not, those lines of demarcation are inextricable from considerations of gender. “What Is Work?” offers a multi-disciplinary approach to understanding labor within the highly gendered realm of household economies. Drawing from scholarship on gender history, economic sociology, family history, civil law, and feminist economics, these essays explore the changing and often contested boundaries between what was and is considered work in different Euro-American contexts over several centuries, with an eye to the ambiguities and biases that have shaped mainstream conceptions of work across all social sectors.
- Sarti, Raffaella (2019), Le “nom de domestique” est un “mot vague”. Débats parlementaires sur la domesticité pendant la Révolution française, in: Mélanges de l’École française de Rome. Italie et Méditerranée modernes et contemporaines 131/1, pp. 39-52.
The “term domestic servant” is a “vague word”. Parliamentary debates on domestic service during the French Revolution. Today, the term “domestic” appears old-fashioned and rather politically incorrect; however, when we talk about servants we think of people who do a certain job, although encompassing several tasks. Such an idea is the result of a long transformation that has seen the servant turn into a worker (more often a female worker) after being (considered) for millennia the subordinate member within a power relationship and/or a “tool” used by the master to perform any task, according to the definition of Aristotle. The debates that took place during the French Revolution were very important in this respect. My article will analyze these revolutionary debates on the status and definition of domestic workers, showing that they have contributed to transforming domestic service from a condition to a profession, even though such a transformation has never been fully accomplished.
- Sarti, Raffaella (2019), Can Historians Speak? A Few Thoughts and Proposals on a Possible Global History of Domestic Service/Work, in: Nitin Sinha, Nitin Varma, Pankaj Jha (eds.), Servants Pasts. Sixteenth to Eighteenth Century. South Asia, vol. 1.
The title of this contribution echoes the influential and controversial article by Gayatri Chakravorti Spivak “Can the Subaltern Speak?” – an inspiring question. However, I will not discuss her argument. Rather, it will highlight a common problem that historians have to face, namely the vocabulary they use. Such a problem seems particularly important in the study of domestic service/work, and even more so if they want to develop a comparative perspective and/or contribute to a possible global history of domestic service/work. The chapter examines the problem and suggests some possible strategies to overcome it and move toward a global history of domestic service/work.
- Schiel, Juliane/De Vito, Christian/van Rossum, Matthias (2020), From Bondage to Precariousness, in: Journal of Social History 54/2, pp. 1-19.
This article explores the possibility of a new, empirically based analytical and methodological framework for the study of labour relations and the reinterpretation of contemporary issues, including precariousness, „modern slavery,” social inequality, and dependence. It proposes a contextualized, interrelational and transepochal approach and discusses the potential of three research strategies.
- Schiel, Juliane (2015), Slaves’ Religious Choice in Renaissance Venice: Applying Insights from Missionary Narratives to Slave Baptism Records, in: Archivio Veneto 146, pp. 23-45.
This article investigates the motivation for and interests behind the baptism of slaves imported into late medieval Venice. It reviews Venetian slave sale records and reports left by mendicant missionaries and illustrates that baptism was less a matter of individual spiritual choice than a social practice perceived by the slave holders as an act of charity.
- Schiel, Juliane/Hanß, Stefan (eds.) (2014), Mediterranean Slavery Revisited (500-1800). Neue Perspektiven auf mediterrane Sklaverei (500–1800), Zürich.
This volume consists of 22 contributions own English, French, German or Italian language addressing the history of Mediterranean slavery from the medieval to the early modern period. The first section contains papers on the semantics, representations and depictions of slavery; the second section focuses on practices of slaving while the third section brings together papers with a transcultural or interdisciplinary approach.
- Seppel, Marten (2020), The Semiotics of Serfdom: How serfdom was perceived in the Swedish conglomerate state, 1561–1806, in: Scandinavian Journal of History, 45/1, pp. 48-70.
While serfdom did not exist in Sweden and Finland, it was accepted in the Baltic and German provinces. The main aim of the paper is to explore how the institution of serfdom was understood and interpreted in Stockholm. It will argue that there were clichés, stereotypes, and prejudices that have shaped the discourse on serfdom.
- Seppel, Marten (2017), Cameralist population policy and the problem of serfdom, 1680-1720, in: M. Seppel, K. Tribe (eds.), Cameralism in Practice: State Administration and Economy in Early Modern Europe, pp. 91−110.
The chapter argues that the demands to abolish serfdom in Central and Eastern Europe did not come up on the agenda only in the second half of the 18th century when the principles of enlightenment, liberalism and rationalism brought a new understanding of social order. The institution of serfdom became a problem for the absolutist states as early as the 1680s.
- Seppel, Marten (2011): Landlords’ Medical Care for their Serfs in the Baltic Provinces of the Russian Empire, in: Slavonic and East European Review 89/2, pp. 201−223.
The article looks at the opportunities of serfs to get medical care in the Baltic provinces of the Russian Empire. It argues that although at the beginning of the nineteenth century the manors still played the main role as providers and mediators of medical aid to the peasantry, pressure to improve serfs’ health standards had started to come from the state and the authors of popular enlightenment from the 1760s.
- Škobla, Daniel/Filčák, Richard (2019), Mundane Populism: Politics, Practices and Discourses of Roma Oppression in Rural Slovakia, in: Sociologia Ruralis.
- Škobla, Daniel/Filčák, Richard (2016), Infrastructure in Marginalised Roma Settlements: Towards a Typology of Unequal Outcomes of EU Funded Projects, in: Sociológia 48/6, pp. 620-640.
- Spicksley, Judith (2015), Contested enslavement: the Portuguese in Angola and the problem of debt, c. 1600-1800, in: Itinerario 39/2, pp. 247-275.
This article explores the contested legitimacy of enslavement for debt in the context of the transatlantic slave trade.
- Spicksley, Judith (2013), The decline of slavery for debt in Western Europe in the medieval period, in: Simonetta Cavaciocchi (ed.), Schiavitù e Servaggio nell’Economia Europea Secc. XI-XVIII [Serfdom and Slavery in the European Economy 11th – 18th Centuries], pp. 465-86.
This article examines the impact of secular and religious change on the legitimacy of enslavement for debt in medieval Europe.
- Spicksley, Judith (2013), Pawns on the Gold Coast: the rise of Asante and shifts in security for debt, 1680-1750, in: Journal of African History 54/2, pp. 147-175.
This article examines the shifting demand for gold among the Asante and the rise in the use of human pawns on the Gold Coast.
- Campbell, Gwyn/Stanziani, Alessandro (eds.) (2020), The Palgrave Handbook of Human Rights and Bondage in the Indian Ocean and Africa.
In the West, human bondage remains synonymous with the Atlantic slave trade. But large slave systems in Africa and Asia predated, co-existed, and overlapped with the Atlantic system—and have persisted in modified forms well into the twenty-first century, posing major threats to political and economic stability within those regions and worldwide. This handbook examines the deep historical roots of unfree labour in Africa and Asia along with its contemporary manifestations. It takes an innovative longue durée perspective in order to link the local and global, the past and present. Contributors trace shifting forms of forced labour in the region since circa 1800, connecting punctual shocks such as environmental crisis, conflict, market instability, and crop failure to human security threats such as impoverishment, violence, migration, kidnapping, and enslavement. Together, these chapters illuminate the historical and contemporary dimensions of bondage in Africa and Asia.
- Stanziani, Alessandro (2018), Labor on the Fringes of Empire. Voice, Exit and the Law.
After the abolition of slavery in the Indian Ocean and Africa, the world of labor remained unequal, exploitative, and violent, straddling a fine line between freedom and unfreedom. This book explains why. Unseating the Atlantic paradigm of bondage and drawing from a rich array of colonial, estate, plantation and judicial archives, Alessandro Stanziani investigates the evolution of labor relationships on the Indian subcontinent, the Indian Ocean and Africa, with case studies on Assam, the Mascarene Islands and the French Congo. He finds surprising relationships between African and Indian abolition movements and European labor practices, inviting readers to think in terms of trans-oceanic connections rather than simple oppositions. Above all, he considers how the meaning and practices of freedom in the colonial world differed profoundly from those in the mainland.
- Stanziani, Alessandro (2014), Bondage: Labor and Rights in Eurasia from the Sixteenth to the Early Twentieth Centuries.
For the first time, this book provides the global history of labor in Central Eurasia, Russia, Europe, and the Indian Ocean between the sixteenth and the twentieth centuries. It contests common views on free and unfree labor, and compares the latter to many Western countries where wage conditions resembled those of domestic servants. This gave rise to extreme forms of dependency in the colonies, not only under slavery, but also afterwards in form of indentured labor in the Indian Ocean and obligatory labor in Africa. Stanziani shows that unfree labor and forms of economic coercion were perfectly compatible with market development and capitalism, proven by the consistent economic growth that took place all over Eurasia between the seventeenth and the nineteenth centuries. This growth was labor intensive: commercial expansion, transformations in agriculture, and the first industrial revolution required more labor, not less. Finally, Stanziani demonstrates that this world did not collapse after the French Revolution or the British industrial revolution, as is commonly assumed, but instead between 1870 and 1914, with the second industrial revolution and the rise of the welfare state.
- Stojić, Biljana (2018), Kordun od razvojačenja do ujedinjenja (1881-1918), in: Kordun – od Vojne granice do Republike Srpske Krajine 1881-1995, Beograd, pp. 19-134.
The chapter deals with the Serbian minority living in Austria-Hungary, most precisely in Kordun, a region of Croatia. As a research time frame, it was chosen in 1881 when Austria-Hungary decided to dissolute the last parts of the Military border and to incorporate them into civil societies. The end of research served the end of WWI and integration of Kordun and Croatia into the new state of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (Yugoslavia). The main topic was the social and political transformation of Kordun accompanying social inequality of minorities as against the majority. I was most interested in research forms of social dependences, mobility of people within the Empire and abroad, the position of Serbian Orthodox Church, oppressions of the state to enforce its policy, mobilization of the minority into army forces during WWI.
- Štofaník, Jakub (2019), The Religious Life of the Industrial Working Class in the Czech Lands?, in: East Central Europe 46, pp. 99-110.
The article focuses on the role of religion among working-class inhabitants of two industrial towns in the Czech lands, Ostrava and Kladno, during the first half of the 20th century. It analyses the enormous conversion movement, the position of new actors of religious life, and the religious behavior of workers.
- Štofaník, Jakub (2017), Medzi krížom a kladivom [Between Cross and Hammer], Prague.
The monograph examines the construction, development, transfer, and adaptation of Catholic social thought in the first half of the 20th century in Czechoslovakia and in Belgium. The study aims for a critical reflection on the secularization paradigm, which dominated the analysis of the history of the 19th and 20th centuries for a long time. The involvement of Social Catholicism among workers is in this regard seen as an arena where the relationship between religion and modern society can be fruitfully questioned.
- Suodenjoki, Sami/Enbom, Leena/Pesonen, Pete (forthcoming 2020), Valvottu ja kuritettu työläinen.
This volume consists of articles, which focus on the controlling and disciplining of workers in Finland from the late 19th to the early 21st century. The anthology addresses the practices of political surveillance and control of workers and working-class activists, gendered norms of artistic and sports workers, attitudes to cheats at work, and the direction and control of working-class housing.
- Suodenjoki, Sami (2019), Turning the landless into socialists: Agrarian reforms and resistance as drivers of political mobilisation in Finland, 1880-1914, in: Joe Regan/Cathal Smith (eds.), Agrarian Reform and Resistance in an Age of Globalisation: The Euro-American World and Beyond, 1780-1914, Routledge, pp. 170-184.
This article addresses how the rise of the socialist movement in the Finnish countryside was linked with the agrarian relations and the changes in agriculture and landownership in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
- Sundevall, Fia (2017), Military Education for Non-Military Purposes: Economic and Social Governing Projects Targeting Conscripts in Early Twentieth-Century Sweden, in: History of Education Review 46/1, pp. 58-71.
The article explores mandatory military service a– a means to recruit and train male citizens for military labour through force – s a tool and arena for solving various social and economic problems such as mass unemployment, alcohol abuse, and elementary education deficiencies, as well as shortages of skilled personnel in particular branches of great importance for the nation’s economy.
- Sundevall, Fia (ed.) (2016), Fritt och ofritt arbete i Norden: nya perspektiv på Arbetarhistoria, in: Arbetarhistoria 3–4.
This special issue of the Swedish language journal “Arbetarhistoria” [Labour history] provides new perspectives on labour history in the Nordic Countries. It consists of four empirical articles exploring various fields and degrees of labour coercion in Denmark, Iceland and Norway between 1600 and 1900.
- Popinigis, Fabiane/Terra, Paulo Cruz (2019): Classe, raça e a história social do trabalho no Brasil (2001-2016), in: Estudos Históricos 32/66, pp. 307-329.
- Terra, Paulo Cruz (2014), Free and Unfree Labour and Ethnic Conflicts in the Brazilian Transport Industry: Rio de Janeiro in the Nineteenth Century, in: International Review of Social History 59/S22, pp. 113-132.
- Terra, Paulo Cruz (2017), Trabalhadores escravizados e livres na legislação municipal (Rio de Janeiro, século XIX), in: Pestana, Marco Marques/Costa, Rafael Maul de Carvalho/Oliveira, Tiago Bernardon de (eds.), Subalternos em movimento: mobilização e enfrentamento à dominação no Brasil, pp. 95-208.
- Tornhill, Sofie (2019), The Business of Women’s Empowerment. Corporate Gender Politics in the Global South.
This monograph explores corporate initiatives to empower women in the Global South through the promotion of micro entrepreneurship within informal economic sectors. From an ethnographic approach, it scrutinizes how the political imperative of “creating jobs” is intertwined with individual risks for women in precarious economic positions as well as with the increasing authority of global corporations in development and gender politics.
- Uppenberg, Carolina (2018), I husbondens bröd och arbete. Kön, makt och kontrakt i det svenska tjänstefolkssystemet 1730–1860 [Servants and masters. Gender, contract, and power relations in the servant institution in Sweden, 1730-1860], unpublislhed Dissertation, University of Gothenburg.
In my doctoral thesis I studied the institution of rural servants from a labour market and a gender perspective. Pre-industrial servants were subject to compulsory service, but at the same time part of a labour market where they could choose their employer freely. I the thesis I examined the laws shaping the institution, the handling of the laws in court, and the discourse of free and unfree labour relations surrounding servants and masters.
- Uppenberg, Carolina (2017), The servant institution during the Swedish agrarian revolution: the political economy of subservience, in: Whittle, J. (ed.), Servants in rural Europe 1400–1900, pp. 167–182.
This article develops the gendered aspects of the various dimensions of the servant institution. It is shown that male and female servants had different levels of freedom in their labour contracts, and this is related to the later development of a feminized servant position.
- Ulrich, Nicole (2019), “Journeying into Freedom”: Traditions of Desertion at the Cape of Good Hope, 1652-1795, in: Rediker, Marcus/Chakraborty, Titas/van Rossum, Matthias (eds.), A Global History of Runaways: Workers, Mobility and Capitalism, 1600-1850, pp. 115-134.
- Ulrich, Nicole (2018), Between Reform and Revolution: The Cape’s Popular Classes Under British Rule During the Age of Revolution, c. 1803-1814, in: Fullagar, Kate/McDonnel, Michael (eds.), Facing Empire: Indigenous Experiences in a Revolutionary Age, pp. 163-191.
- Tărîţă, Marius (2012), Deportations and Forced Labour: Forms of Remembering in the Villages of Arboreny, Boian and Mahala (Chernivtsy Region, Ukraine), in: Interstitio: East European Review of Historical and Cultural Anthropology 1-2, pp. 126-135.
- Tărîţă, Marius (2016), The Policy of the Party’s Organization in the Lipcani District of the Moldavian SSR in 1944-1945, in: Radu, Sorin/Budeancă, Cosmin (eds.), Countryside and communism in Eastern Europe. Perceptions. Attitude. Propaganda, pp. 79-84.
- Tolino, Serena (2016), The History of Prostitution in Egypt (1885-1949): From Regulation to Prohibition, in: Kurz, Susanne/Preckel, Claudia/Reichmuth, Stefan (eds.), Muslim Bodies: Körper, Sexualität und Medizin in muslimischen Gesellschaften, pp. 131-154.
- Tolino, Serena (2018), Eunuchs in the Fatimid Empire: Ambiguities, Gender and Sacredness, in: Höfert, Almut/Mesley, Matthew M./Tolino, Serena (eds.), Celibate and Childless Men in Power: Ruling Eunuchs and Bishops in the Pre-Modern World, pp. 246-266.
- van Rossum, Matthias/Kamp, Jeannette (eds.) (2016), Desertion in the Early Modern World: A Comparative History.
- van Rossum, Matthias/Geelen, Alexander/van den Hout, Bram/Tosun, Merve (forthcoming), Testimonies of Enslavement: Sources on Slavery from the Indian Ocean World.
- Vilhelmsson, Vilhelm (2017), Sjálfstætt fólk: Vistarband og íslenskt samfélag á 19. öld.
This book is a revised version of my doctoral thesis. It is a study of the dominant labour regime of compulsory service in nineteenth century Iceland, focusing particularly on non-compliance with coercive labour legislation and acts of everyday resistance by servants and illegal day labourers, using regional court archives and arbitration court proceedings to analyse everyday practices. It also discusses in detail the cultural role of life-cycle service and the master-servant relationship as well as dominant ideas of household discipline and social order in early modern Iceland.
- Vilhelmsson, Vilhelm (2017), Ett normalt undantag? Tillfälligt arbete i lag och praktik i 1800-talets Island, in: Arbetarhistoria 41/3-4, pp. 32-40.
This article discusses the ambiguous status and role of casual day labourers in nineteenth century Iceland and argues that masterless casual day labour was a “normal exception” in many localities, accepted as an economic necessity and cultural norm despite being illegal and frowned upon in public discourse. The article highlights the important distinction between normative prescription and everyday practice.
- Hotson, Howard/Wallnig, Thomas (2019), Reassembling the Republic of Letters in the Digital Age. Standards, Systems, Scholarship.
The book documents the efforts of COST Action IS1310 (2014-18) in bringing together a community of digital scholars interested in early modern correspondence and intellectual culture at large. It outlines the dimensions of the digital approach – from tech to discourse -, and it celebrates the benefits of collaborative work encouraged by the COST program.
- Zammit, William (2019), The Faith Triumphant: Muslim Converts to Catholicism and the Order of St John, 1530-1798, in: Morton, Nicholas (ed.), The Military Orders, Vol. VII: Piety, Pugnacity and Property, pp. 160-171.
- Zammit, William (2016), Kissing the Gallows: A Cultural History of Crime, Torture and Punishment in Malta.
- Zimmermann, Susan (2019), “It Shall Not Be a Written Gift, But a Lived Reality.” Equal Pay, Women’s Work, and the Politics of Labor in State-Socialist Hungary, Late 1960s to Late 1970s, in: Siefert, Marsha (ed.), Labor in State-Socialist Europe: Contributions to a Global History of Work, pp. 337-372.
- Zimmermann, Susan (2019), Equality of Women’s Economic Status? A Major Bone of Contention in the International Gender Politics Emerging During the Interwar Period, in: The International History Review 41/1, pp. 200-227.
- Zimmermann, Susan (2018), Globalizing Gendered Labor Policy: International Labor Standards and the Global South, 1919-1947, in: Boris, Eileen/Hoehtker, Dorothea/Zimmermann, Susan (eds.), Women’s ILO. Transnational Networks, Global Labour Standards and Gender Equity, 1919 to Present, pp. 227-254.
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